Jean-Paul Baillargeon, editor - The Handing Down of Culture, Smaller Societies and Globalization

Chapter 10 | Clarence S. Bayne


note 2

Jill Humphries, Foundations Support to Arts, Cultural and Multicultural Organizations, CCRN, May, 2000.

Note: An analysis of foundation support to performing arts, visual arts, heritage and multicultural and other cultural organizations, taken from Canadian Centre for Philanthropy 1996/97 data. Published by the Nonprofit Management and Leadership Program, Schulich School of Business, York University, with support from Department of Canadian Heritage, and Ontario Arts Council.

The study showed that 31 % of the Foundations covered by the study supported arts and culture. A total amount of 58,3 $ million given in grants in 1996-1997. *0 % of all foundation grants were from family foundations. 1,6 % million (2,7 %) went to multicultural and ethnic organizations; slightly more than a third of a percent went to other cultural groups: Amenians, Black, Celtic, East Indian, Multicultural, Russian. Black organizations accounted for 100 000 $.

note 3

Monday, August 24th, 1988, 26 Canadian well known artists and cultural leaders met in Ottawa in order to protest against budget cuts imposed upon the Arts Council of Canada. Among those personalities there were no Blacks or Asians or artists of any other visible minorities or from institutions representing that part of the world of culture (The Gazette, “Stars of Art Protest Canada Council Funding Cuts,” Tuesday, August 25, 1988).

note 4

The International Caribbean Carnival Association (ICCA) saw the birth in Montréal on November 15, 1986. It is an umbrella organization of groups of carnivals and festivals of West Indies in the United States, in Canada and in Europe. Its purpose is the promoting, facilitating and coordinating the programmes of its members, with a view to their continuous development and the institutionalization of the West Indies carnival/festival event having a social value, as well as a cultural and economic one, whether in Canada, in the United States, in the United Kingdom or elsewhere in the world. This organization is seeking to use the Carnival to promote cooperation and unity between populations of all races, cultures and nationalities.


Annama, Joy and Clarence Bayne (1993), “From Community Workshop to Professional Theatre: Audience Development and the Consumption of Art,” in Richard J. Seminik and Gary J. Bamossy, Eds., Advances in Nonprofit Marketing, vol. 4, Greenwich, JAI Press: 79-113.

Baumol, W. J. and W. G. Bowen (1966), Performing Arts. The Economic Dilemma, New-York, Twentieth Century Fund.

Baumol, W. J. and W. G. Bowen (1996), “The 30th Anniversary of the Performing Arts: An Economic Dilemma,” Journal of Cultural Economics, 20, 3.

Bayne, Clarence (1997), “Cultural Synergies and the Marketing of the Arts,” in François Colbert, Ed., Les organisations culturelles de l’avenir. Actes du colloque, Montréal, 7-8 novembre 1997, Montréal, Chaire de gestion des arts, École des hautes études commerciales: 113-124.

Chomsky, Noam (1999), Profit Over People: Neo-Liberalism and Global Order, New-York, Seven Stories Press.

Chomsky, Noam (1997), Perspectives on Power: Reflections on Human Nature and Social Order, Montréal, New-York, Black Ross Books.

CIRCLE/CCRN (2000), Making Connections: Culture and Social Cohesion in the New Millenium, Conference Reader, Round Table 2000, Edmonton, May 26-27.

Eberly, Don E. (2000), “The Meaning, Origin and Application of Civil Society,” in Don E. Eberly, Ed., The Essential Civil Society Reader: The Classic Essays in the American Civil Society Debate, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield.

Hui, Michael K., Michael Laroche and Chankon Kim (2001), “Consumption as a Function of Reflective and Formative Ethnicity Indicators,” in C. P. Rao, Ed., Marketing and Cultural Diversity, Wesport, Quorum Books.

Kawashi, Ichiro (2002), The Health of Nations: Why Inequality Is Harmful to your Health, New York, New Press.

Kirpitchenko, Lurdmila and Hether de Santis (1999), Strategic Planning and Policy Coordination, Heritage Canada, June 21.

Lancaster, Kelvin (1957), “The Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Model: a Geometric Treatment,” Economica, XXIV, 93: 19-39.

Laroche, Michael, Chankon Kim and Marc A. Tomiuk (1998), “Translation Fidelity: An IRT ANalysis and Likert-Type Scale Items from a Culture Change Measures for Italian-Canadians,” in Joe Alba and Wes Hutchinson, Eds., Advances in Consumer Research, XXV, Provo, UT, Association for Consumer Research: 240-245.

Masc-Colell, Andrew Michael D. Whinston and Jewy R. Green (1995), Microeconomic Theory, New-York, Oxford University Press.

Chapter 11 | Diane Saint-Pierre >


grubstreet books FreeCounter